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Tanitoluwa Adewumi, a Nigerian kid living as a refugee in the United States won the New York State chess championship for his category last weekend. Tanitoluwa won the trophy for kindergarten, defeating other third graders.

Tanitoluwa reportedly learned chess a little over a year ago, yet praises of his exceptional skills go before him. He was taught by his part-time chess teacher at school, and within this short time, he has won seven trophies.

Just eight years old, Tanitoluwa lives in a homeless shelter in Manhattan together with his parents and elder brother. His family fled Nigeria in 2017 because of the Boko Haram crisis, but are now settled in the US under very unfavourable living conditions while awaiting their asylum request. – Nicholas Kristof, NY Times’ columnist writes. Tanitoluwa got enrolled in a local elementary school, P.S.116, where he first stumbled upon the chess game. Apparently, his wit inclined towards the game and with his mom’s permission, he joined the chess club. “I want to be the youngest grandmaster,” Tanitoluwa told Nicholas.

Tanitoluwa could not afford the fees for the chess program for obvious reasons. His father is only an Uber driver operating on a rented car, but he has also become a licensed real estate salesman to support the family. His mom, Oluwatoyin Adewumi, wrote the chess club explaining their position and why she was unable to pay the fees. Seeing the young boy’s drive, Russell Makofsky who oversees the P.S. 116 chess program, waived the fees, giving the kid the opportunity to develop his talent for chess unhindered.

Not relying on the power of his talent alone, his hard work sets an exemplary record. His mom takes him every Saturday to a three-hour free practice session, and she attends his tournaments. He lies on the floor of their shelter and practices chess for hours each evening, using his dad’s laptop. Indeed the kid’s drive is phenomenal.

Last year, Tanitoluwa took part in his first tournament with the lowest rating of any participant, 105. His rating is now 1587 and rising fast. (By comparison, the world’s best player, Magnus Carlson, stands at 2845.)

Despite the challenges his family is facing, young Tanitoluwa continues to display an exceptional character. Alas, the 8-year-old has turned to a celebrated chess champion in one of the greatest cities in the world. With his energetic drive and supportive parents, he is on the path to becoming a renowned world player.

Tanitoluwa is currently preparing for the elementary national championship in May.

Source: Ventures Africa

Six months after a new peace deal was signed between warring factions of President Salva Kiir and his ex-deputy, Riek Machar, more than 140,000 South Sudan refugees who fled the country at the peak of the civil war have returned home.

According to the nation’s Ministry for Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, the returnees came from the Central African Republic (CAR), Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda.

The government is working with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organisation for Migration (IOM)  to rehabilitate, resettle and reintegrate the returnees into their previous communities, Undersecretary at the Ministry, Peter Kulang Gatwech told The EastAfrican.

“We have set up an emergency fund through which we provide foodstuff, medical care and a few other social services to individuals and families of returnees,” Gatwech said, adding that returnees will take six to 12 months under the care of the UN and government but are expected to provide for themselves thereafter.

Verification of ownership of property such as land will be conducted and the government is also organising national dialogue at village level as part of the re-integration.

The devastating effects of the civil war

President Kiir in 2013 sacked Machar as first deputy president, accusing him and 10 others of planning a coup. This plunged the world’s youngest country into a war that saw over two million refugees flee into neighbouring countries. A second breakout of the civil war occurred three years later when a power-sharing deal between Kiir and Machar failed.

Conditions continue to deteriorate in South Sudan refugee crisis ... unrefugees.orgIn a statement in November 2016, the head of the UN Commission of Human Rights in the country, Yasmin Sooka, at the end of a visit noted that there was a steady process of ethnic cleansing underway in several areas of South Sudan using starvation, gang rape and the burning of villages. Allegations which were dismissed by the government.

About 400,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the war that has lasted nearly six years. Washington Post reported that more than 4 million people have been displaced, with about 1.8 million of those internally displaced, and about 2.5 million having fled to neighbouring countries.

Fighting in the agricultural heart in the south of the country has soared the number of people facing starvation to 6 million with famine breaking out in some areas. The country’s economy has also been devastated. According to the IMF, real income has halved since 2013 and inflation is more than 300 percent per annum.

Ceaseless ceasefire deals

A first ceasefire agreement was reached in January 2014, with negotiations mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which includes the eight regional nations, as well as the African Union, UN, China, the European Union, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Norway.

However, fighting continued and several more peace deals followed, all to no avail. Then in August 2018, another power-sharing agreement came into effect. The latest peace deal brokered by the IGAD ensured a ceasefire and return of relative peace in last year. Under terms of the agreement, the government and rebel groups are supposed to form a transitional government by May 12.

Modest progress

Last week, the UN reported “modest progress” made by warring groups in establishing lasting peace in the country. “The ceasefire continued to hold in most of the country and the overall security situation improved,” the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, said in a report covering the past three months.

However, the situation remains fragile, the UN  leader warned, citing intermittent clashes between government forces and rebels, along with increased fighting among tribal groups and alarming levels of sexual violence against women and girls.
Thus, there is widespread doubt among the refugees on whether the peace deal will hold for long. Most do not wish to go back home immediately as they believe the peace deal could come apart forcing those who make an early return into fresh flight. They would rather stay in the camps until the situation stabilizes.

More so, some of the refugees are well settled and rebuilding their lives by learning new vocational skills in camps in order to either survive in the short run or approach life after the camp with a new skill set.

In a bid to attract more Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), the government of Zimbabwe has repealed its indigenisation policy through the Companies and Business Entities Bill.

The indigenous policy, which mandated international companies to surrender 51 percent of ownership to locals before incorporation, is deemed unfavourable to foreign investors.

According to business expert, Busisa Moyo, the new policy is a welcome move which effectively kills the previous unattractive Indigenization instrument and enables foreign entities to set up businesses in Zimbabwe with great ease.

With the new bill, foreign firms are now able to set up operations without adhering to the 51-49 percent shareholding. To establish a business in Zimbabwe, they are now simply required to lodge with the Minister a copy of its constitutive documents, a list of directors resident or to be resident in Zimbabwe and if it is a subsidiary, the name of its holdings company, Clause 228 of Chapter III of the New Companies Bill states.  

Controversial indigenous policy

Despite stiff resistance from the opposition, former president Robert Mugabe signed into law the Indigenization and Economic Empowerment Bill in 2008, giving Zimbabweans the right to take over and control many foreign-owned companies in the country.

With a crumbling economy and currency crisis, implementation of the Act took eight years to materialise as cabinet members expressed reservations on the content and implementation of the law. Since its full enforcement, Zimbabwe’s economy has only gone from bad to worse.

Although the need to redress the skewed ownership of productive assets propels the process of indigenisation in many countries, Zimbabwe’s indigenous policy has attracted severe criticism since it was formulated.

It is often dismissed by many as a statutory instrument designed to suit the interests of politicians, contrary to assurances that it seeks to empower ordinary citizens. Also, it came at a time when Zimbabwe’s economy was already falling rapidly – the country had the world’s highest inflation rate in 2008.

The retrogressive nature of the policy results in loss of foreign investment and spurs mismanagement of state-owned productive assets and corruption, Hannah Onifade writes on Ventures Africa.

However, following its repeal last week, there are hopes the new business bill will pave the way for foreign investors wishing to establish operations in the country and help revive the economy deeply engrossed in crisis.

The indigenous Act, which initially stated that majority shareholding of public companies and any other business should be owned by indigenous Zimbabweans, was amended in 2018, applying to only companies involved in the diamond or platinum extractive industries and the economic sectors reserved for Zimbabwean citizens.

“In my humble view, the old Indigenization policy must be removed on the diamond and platinum sector as well. We can fix tax strangers but welcome them to open up businesses, bring technology and skills,” Busisa Moyo remarked.

In jedem von uns steckt Rassismus: In einer scharfen Analyse beschreibt die Journalistin Reni Eddo-Lodge, wie Ungerechtigkeit strukturell in unserer Gesellschaft verankert ist - und was Sie dagegen tun können.

Sie werden dieses Buch hassen. Sie werden es nicht hassen, weil es schlecht geschrieben ist, sondern, weil es sie bis ins Mark treffen wird. Am Ende der Lektüre werden sie nur zwei Optionen haben: Sie werden das Buch weglegen und sich sagen, "Alles Schwachsinn" - oder aber Sie werden einen schmerzhaften Prozess durchmachen und schließlich erkennen, dass Sie ein Rassist sind. Sicher ist: "Warum ich nicht länger mit Weißen über Hautfarbe spreche" von Reni Eddo-Lodge wird etwas in Ihnen auslösen.

Für die britische Journalistin Eddo-Lodge begann alles mit einem Blogpost, den sie 2014 veröffentlichte und der im Original die Überschrift "Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race" trägt.

Sie schrieb darin: "Ich kann nicht über die Einzelheiten eines Problems reden, wenn sie nicht einmal die Existenz des Problems anerkennen. Schlimmer noch ist die weiße Person, die willens ist, aber glaubt, dass wir dieses Gespräch als Ebenbürtige führen. Das tun wir nicht." Haben Sie diese Sätze schon erzürnt, wollen Sie vielleicht zu einer Gegenrede ausholen? Immer und immer wieder skizziert Eddo-Lodge die unterschiedlichen Machtverhältnisse, und erklärt, warum sie ihre Redeverweigerung nicht als Schwäche, sondern als Selbsterhaltung sieht.

Natürlich ist sich Eddo-Lodge des Paradoxes bewusst, denn ihr Buch ist - trotz des Titels - eigentlich eine Einladung zum Gespräch. Es ist aber ein Gespräch, in dem sie die Kontrolle behält. Dass sie mit ihren Leserinnen und Lesern diskutieren will, zeigt sich daran, wie verständlich, detailliert und anschaulich Eddo-Lodge schreibt. In sieben Essays durchläuft sie die Themen, die sich mit strukturellem Rassismus beschäftigen (Feminismus, Intersektionalität, die Angst vor der angeblichen Auslöschung der Briten, die Arbeiterklasse, Chancen im Job).

Ihr Buch beginnt sie jedoch mit der britischen Geschichte von Kolonialismus, Sklaverei und Migration, um aufzuzeigen, wie unter anderem People of Color mit Kriminalität gleichgesetzt wurden und werden. Sie berichtet von Polizeischikanen und zeigt auf, wie schwer es ist, Beweise dafür zu bekommen - und, wie noch heute das System ein Mantel des Schweigens über alles legt. Die Sieger schreiben die Geschichte, die Sieger sind weiß und sie profitieren davon.

Ein Beispiel in ihrem Buch ist der Fall des schwarzen angehenden Studenten Stephen Lawrence, der 1993 an einer Bushaltestelle in London erstochen wurde. Die Polizei fasste fünf Verdächtige, die wegen Mangel an Beweisen freigelassen wurden. Erst sechs Jahre nach der Tat kam eine Untersuchung zu dem Schluss, dass die Ermittlungen neben Inkompetenz und Führungsversagen von institutionalisiertem Rassismus gekennzeichnet waren - zwei der fünf mutmaßlichen Täter wurden erst im Jahr 2012 verurteilt.

Was das mit Deutschland zu tun hat? Hier gibt es ähnlich gelagerte Fälle: Als der NSU zu morden begann, suchte die Polizei erst in der migrantischen Community nach Tätern ("Dönermorde") als die Morde als rassistische Taten zu begreifen.

Immer noch ist der Mord an Burak Bektas ungeklärt, die Polizei soll keine konkreten Hinweise auf eine rechtsextreme Tatmotivation gefunden haben, obwohl Bektas 2012 offenbar völlig aus dem Nichts auf offener Straße erschossen wurde, als er mit anderen Freunden unterwegs war, die ebenfalls eine Migrationsgeschichte hatten - und obwohl Familienangehörige und Aktivisten das sehr wohl als rassistische Tat sehen.

Oder aber der Fall des psychisch kranken geflüchteten Irakers, der 2016 in Arnsdorf von einer selbsternannten Bürgerwehr an einen Baum gefesselt und geschlagen wurde, nachdem er angeblich im Supermarkt randaliert hatte. Polizei und Notarzt brachten den Geflüchteten zurück in eine Klinik. Der Mann kam später ums Leben, seine Leiche wurde knapp ein Jahr nach dem Vorfall am Supermarkt und nur eine Woche vor dem Prozess gegen die vier Männer der "Bürgerwehr" gefunden. Er war in einem Waldstück nicht weit von seiner Flüchtlingsunterkunft erfroren. Der Prozess gegen die vier Männer der "Bürgerwehr" wurde eingestellt.

Sie erkennen immer noch kein Muster?

Eddo-Lodge zerstört alle Mythen, die auch hier in Deutschland kursieren, um zu verdecken, wie tief Rassismus tatsächlich verankert ist. Zum einen die neoliberale Erzählung: Alle haben die gleichen Chancen, man müsse sich nur genug anstrengen. Falsch, schreibt sie, denn schon allein durch das Weißsein gäbe es ein Vorsprung. Zum anderen das "Konzept der Farbenblindheit" (wie der Satz "Ich sehe keine Hautfarbe, für mich sind alle gleich"). Für Eddo-Lodge eine "infantile, schlecht durchdachte Analyse des Rassismus" - eine Schutzbehauptung, die nur dazu führe, dass Weiße einmal mehr nicht die eigenen Privilegien hinterfragen müssen.

In ihrer scharfen Analyse definiert Eddo-Lodge etwa White Privilege als die "perverse Situation, dass du dich mit offen rassistischen, rechten Extremisten wohlfühlst, weil du dann wenigstens weißt, woran du bist." Vermutlich werden Sie diesen Satz als Angriff gegen sich selbst werten, weil er insinuiert, dass sie schlimmer sind als Rechtsextreme, aber in diesem einem Satz steckt eine große Wahrheit. Menschen, die Rassismus erleben, können diesen Satz blind unterschreiben, weil Grenzen dann klarer sind: "Wir sagen uns, dass gute Menschen nicht rassistisch sein können. Wir sagen uns, bei Rassismus gehe es um moralische Werte, wenn es tatsächlich um die Überlebensstrategie systemischer Macht geht.", schreibt Eddo-Lodge.

hellogiggles Reni Eddo Lodge Why Im No Longer Talking to White interview

Diese Strategien, mit denen ein ungerechtes System sich selbst sichert, ziehen sich aktuell etwa auch durch die vielen Diskussionen um Redefreiheit - ein Begriff, der mittlerweile als Chiffre von links und rechts verwendet wird, um alles sagen zu dürfen und sich nicht mit den eigenen Privilegien auseinandersetzen zu müssen. Aber "Redefreiheit ist nicht das Recht zu sagen, was man will, ohne zurückgewiesen zu werden."

Lesen Sie dieses Buch, auch wenn es weh tut - das muss so sein. Die gute Nachricht ist: Sie können anfangen, sich selbst und ihre Position zu hinterfragen - und kanalisieren Sie ihre Wut und den Schmerz dann für etwas Nützliches. Es ist ein Prozess. Das Buch von Reni Eddo-Lodge ist dabei nur der erste Schritt.

Source: Spiegel Online

#BringBackOurGirls © Tim Green


When the terrorist group Boko Haram kidnapped 276 schoolgirls from their school in the remote town of Chibok in North-East Nigeria on April 14, 2014, few imagined that their captivity would be so protracted.

In the days after the abduction, a convergence of local outrage and international indignation suggested that the girls would be rescued in short order. As a co-founder of the movement from which the hashtag #BringBackOurGirls was born and adopted by celebrities and world leaders, I was certain that the unprecedented global attention focused on the plight of the young women would result in the immediate release of all of them.  Instead, apart from the 57 that managed to escape in the first few hours en route to Sambisa Forest, 219 girls were taken into Boko Haram captivity and remained there without a physical trace for over two years, until the first girl wandered out, accompanying a baby girl. In the last three years, 106 more have made it home, but 112 girls still remain in the terrorists’ custody.

The diminished relevance of the Chibok Girls, is pithily dramatised by the undulating fortunes of their parents who I have come to know well since the tragic kidnapping. Recently, I was made aware of a visit by senior government officials to Chibok. In a call with one of the mothers whose daughter remains in captivity, I urged her to seize the opportunity and band together with other parents to get the governor’s attention, even if it meant being disruptive. But the despair I heard in her voice was clear and heartbreaking. She told me that the plight of the Chibok Girls and their families had been forgotten by the politicians. In the heat of the election cycle, politicians were simply not interested in the problems of families in what they simply consider a nondescript, remote, poor, Nigerian town.

Things were different back in the last election cycle in 2015. The Chibok parents had been enthusiastically courted by local and regional politicians eager to use their misfortune to discredit the government in power. For the parents, the situation was far more visceral than any political consideration. Moved by desperate anxiety over the fate of their children, they entertained anyone who promised to prioritise their problem. Today, as this despondent mother told me, the divergence in the fortunes of those whose daughters have been returned to them and those who still pine for theirs has also fractured the community. She told me about the stigmatisation of those whose children were still in captivity, those victims who, according to Boko Haram, “had chosen to remain with their captors”. Plagued by a crushing sense of shame and abandonment, they feel let down by the leadership that once pledged to champion their cause, whilst the uncertainty of their daughters’ fates haunts them every day.

The theme of abandonment is also evident in how the discourse of the abducted girls has played out on the global stage. Whilst in 2014, the girls were the poster-children of globalised outrage, those that remain in captivity are now faint memories and have been consigned to the fringes of concern. The international community that was so troubled by their plight five years ago has now apparently moved on. In what has been a sequence of let-downs, the international community’s disinterest may be the gravest betrayal of all. Yes, we can argue that a sovereign nation is responsible for its citizens and that the Chibok Girls are Nigeria’s primary responsibility. But the reality is that in a world of both sovereign states and sovereignty-deficient or challenged states, the weak and vulnerable can fall through the cracks. Indeed, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a supranational consensus affirming the responsibility of international actors to assist people who cannot, or will not, be protected by their states.

Thus, might one be tempted to conclude that the fate of school girls and young women in a remote African region is not of enough consequence to the global community?  As a cynic/realist, I am sometimes inclined to believe that perhaps the international community’s actors are typically guided less by altruism and more by varying individual national perceptions of strategic interests. However, at a time that the world is challenging head on sexual violence and the subordination of women, the credibility of the international order depends on the depth of its commitment to protecting those that cannot protect themselves. Empathy with the vulnerable and affirmations of our common humanity are therefore, in the international community’s interest.

This is why as the Chibok Girls enter the fifth year of their captivity, we must #BringBackOurGirls.

Aisha Muhammed Oyebode

Aisha Muhammed-Oyebode is co-founder of the Bring Back Our Girls Movement, CEO of the Murtala Muhammed Foundation and a PhD scholar with a focus on gender-based violence in the Boko Haram conflict at SOAS University of London.

Aisha is moderating a panel discussion entitled #BringBackOurGirls – The Kidnapping of the Chibok Girls: Five Years On on 19 March 2019 at 7PM in the DLT, SOAS University of London.

Source: SOAS Blogs

Applying for jobs is never simple but it can feel even more difficult in a foreign country when you’re unfamiliar with the language and job market. In a bid to make the process easier, The Local asked recruitment experts for their best tips to successfully apply for a job in Germany.

Make every sentence count
We all know it’s important to stand out from the crowd when it comes to job hunting, but recruitment expert Chris Pyak, author of How to Win Jobs and Influence Germans, said there is very little time to win over busy HR departments in Germany.

“It’s important to know that on average surveys show that HR people will only look at your CV for 7-12 seconds before they decide if they’ll dump it or take a closer look,” Pyak tells The Local. “That means that in the first paragraph you need to give HR a really good reason why they should be interested.”

Pyak, who is based in Düsseldorf and helps expats find work, advises job-seekers to avoid repetition in their resume/CV and cover letter because it’s a “waste of time” - and instead try the stereotypical German way of being direct and getting straight to the point.

Less is more on the CV
Do your research when it comes to your Lebenslauf or resume by looking up the European standard and finding templates online. Resumes and CVs differ in every country even though many of the sections are similar throughout, such as ‘personal data’ (Persönliche Angaben),  ‘work experience’ (Berufserfahrung), ‘education’ (Ausbildung), ‘skills’ and 'extracurricular activities' (Qualifikationen und Kenntnisse) as well as ‘hobbies’ and ‘personal interests’ (Private Interessen). In Germany, it is not uncommon to sign and date your CV. 

"When it comes to CVs, less is more," says Nick Dunnett, managing director for Germany and Switzerland at international recruitment company Robert Walters. "Nobody wants to read a 10 page CV, so keep it concise and relevant."

You should also try to avoid gaps in your CV, says Pyak. "We have German angst, uncertainty is something we don’t handle very well so remove the fear from us by not having any gaps."

And if you want to know if the company prefers you to include a photograph or not, just call them and ask. “The best thing to do is call the HR department and ask what they prefer. Don’t guess if you can ask,” says Pyak.

Under Germany's anti-discrimination law, photographs are not mandatory, but they are more common than they are in some countries. If you do include one, says Dunnett, the main thing is to get it done professionally. 

"It is better not to have a photograph at all than to have one which isn't professional," he says. "After all, you are applying for a professional job."

Target the employer's needs in your cover letter by picking up the phone first
When you’re preparing an application, Pyak advises calling the company to find out what their biggest problems are and then write about how you can provide solutions in your application. “If you find out what keeps the manager awake at night, then you can talk about that in your cover letter,” Pyak says.

Think about starting your letter by thanking the company for the conversation and mentioning the problems you discussed on the phone. You can then explain how you helped someone else solve a similar problem and what the outcome of this was. And in the last part you should thank the company and express your hope for an interview. “That’s your covering letter there, you don't really need anything else” adds Pyak.

Striking the right tone can often be difficult in written German, so if in doubt, you should go for the traditional greetings such as "Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren" and "Mit freundlichen Grüßen".

"Parts of the market are still quite traditional and some employers will like to be addressed in a formal manner," says Dunnett. 

Look for jobs with smaller companies
It’s not easy to bypass HR and get through to the manager, but Pyak says you should try and speak to your potential future supervisor if possible. In some companies, though, this may not be possible. Job hunters should look to the less well-known companies for more success, according to Pyak.

“Companies like Trivago get 40,000 applications every month so they don’t have time to talk to every person on the phone,” he says. “Move away from the top 40 companies. There are 350,000 great companies in Germany and they all have difficulties hiring staff, so there are jobs out there.”
166 Lebenslauf Fehler A Digit

Don’t think of yourself as just a job-seeker
It’s easy to feel like employers have all the power, but why not think of yourself as an asset? You are someone who can make a difference to these workplaces and you could be a valuable member of the team.

“Think of yourself as a consultant who wants to help another person solve his problems,” says Pyak. “That’s the way you interact with the employer. You spend a lot of time on the research, then based on this diagnosis you prescribe a solution.”

Be honest about your language skills
When it comes to finding jobs in Germany, it is, of course, easier and beneficial when you know the language. But if you’re still learning or aren’t so confident then Pyak suggests mixing it up. “Some of my coaching clients had really good results by writing the cover letter in English and writing the CV in German,” he says. “Here you are being open about your language skills but you still make it easy to understand what you can do.”

Openness is crucial - you should be careful not to oversell your language skills. The proof, after all, will always be in the pudding.

"If you overstate your fluency, you will very quickly be found out," says Dunnett. "If you say you are at C1 level, then the next step would always be to ask you to conduct a business interview in German."

The local

Oranto Petroleum Limited, in partnership with South Sudan’s Ministry of Petroleum, is set to fund an educational program in the country. The program is geared at improving the educational sector and overall socio-economic development in the war-torn African nation.

The program involves the provision of quality training for 25 teachers and 60,000 children across 30 villages in the Eastern Lakes state and would last for a period of 5 years.

“For South Sudan to reach its true place in Africa, we have to invest in education and great students are the result of great teachers and it is, therefore, essential to empower and support teaching professionals throughout this country,” Minister of Petroleum of the Republic of South Sudan, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth said.

The educational program organized by Oranto may be targeted at refugees returning to the country, in a bid to support and pave way for more economic advancement and considerable impact for individuals and local communities.

South Sudan has been faced with severe economic challenges including economic instability and poor infrastructure. The country’s educational system for children has deteriorated greatly as a result of conflict and other forms of emergencies, the United Nations International Children Education Fund (UNICEF) revealed.

Since the outbreak of the deadly civil war in 2013, it has experienced a massive migration of over two million citizens to neighbouring countries such as Ethiopia, Uganda and the Central African Republic (CAR). Recently, some of the refugees have returned after a peace deal was signed between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and his ex-deputy, Riek Machar.

“I am thankful to Oranto Petroleum and implore on other oil companies in the country to do the same”, the Minister added.

In line with Oranto’s policy of significantly engaging local human and material resources in all its activities in South Sudan while promoting the development of social infrastructure, the company also plans to fund the construction of two primary schools in two villages.

Oranto Petroleum Limited is one of Nigeria’s privately owned and managed oil companies. It is involved in oil production and exploration, with over 22 oil and gas license in 12 countries.


Source:Ventures Africa Bildergebnis für lusaka Flights to Lusaka, Zambia with fastjet

Afro News

Here is my thinking and a challenge to all Zambians. We have a very tiny economy and we spend a great deal of our time fighting over a pint of salt when we could be mining the ocean. I reside in Ontario, Canada’s largest province. Ontario is only a province in Canada – but it’s by far richer than Zambia, a nation-state. Consider, for example, Ontario has a population of about 15 million people. But it boasts of a GDP of over US$660 billion. Ontario’s main industries include: Manufacturing, Hydro (electricity), Film & Media, Tech, Telecommunications, Steel, Agriculture. The average annual income for Ontario is about US$45,000.

Ontario compares favourably, even at par with Switzerland, which has a population of about 9 million people. Switzerland’s GDP is over US$685 billion. Switzerland’s main industries include: Pharma, Finance and Tennis. And, on average, an individual earns about US$61,000 per year in Switzerland.

Zambia, on the other hand, has a population of about 16 million people, statistically the same as Ontario’s. But Zambia’s GDP is very small, at about US$26 billion. Zambia’s major industries include: Copper mining and processing, construction, emerald mining, beverages, food, textiles, chemicals, fertilizer and horticulture. The highest paid Zambian may earn about US$66,000 per year.

What does these numbers say? First, that Zambia is under-utilizing its resources (human, raw, capital, and so on) and underdeveloped its potential. However, Zambia has room to grow – in fact – at the moment Zambia is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. But it remains, relatively, a very small economy, more like a province of some small country in Europe. Second, there is need to change the focus. Focus, has generally, been on arguing about the small resources in circulation (mostly centred around copper mining) rather than growing the pie. There is urgent need to increase GDP, expand industries, and make copper mining subsidiary to agriculture, for example. And third and last, compared to Switzerland (which has tennis and finance at the core of its economy and yet is far richer than Zambia), Zambia has potential to develop its existing industries, invest in and develop new others, and become a prosperous country.

Zambia can become a higher-income earner. This is not simply intellectual pandering; there are steps that can be taken to achieve an Upper-Income Economic status. I have proposed a 30-10-60 Theory in earlier writings.

The gist of the 30-10-60 economic model is that, within the next 50 years, Zambia should attain to an affluent middle-class characterized by, “being able to enjoy an acceptable standard of living and being happy (happiness will mean having a life expectancy of 76 years and above; enjoying and having access to a stable and working social support system; freedom from corruption; being able to give to others; and ability to bring in an income that meets all the basic needs and have surplus for saving for the future).”


‘Where are you from?’

I hear this more often than I hear my own name, and my response often depends on who’s asking; I can turn my ethnicity… heritage… into an icebreaker and ask the other person to have a guess, if they get the right answer I’ll give them £100. They never guess correctly, which I’m always relieved about – I can’t afford to keep giving away £100! Or I can weaponise it, pushing the other person into feeling self-conscious about whatever stereotype or bias they might be exposing in trying to guess. Finally, I can lie, which I often do when I feel uncomfortable, or unsafe, or just exhausted.

I’ll say, ‘London, mate’, and stick to that even when the response is, ‘Okay but where are you from from?’

And without fail, the response if I chose to reveal my half-Brazilian, half-Montenegrin heritage is always an impressed ‘woah!’, a moment I recognise, because I do it too, but a moment worth unpacking nonetheless. Call it what you want; biracial, mixed-ethnicity, mixed-race, ‘ethnic’, the idea that people who are a blend of races, ethnicities or nationalities are somehow more fascinating, or more ‘trendy’ is pretty problematic. Here’s a little break down of what is going through my mind when the entire conversation descends into a discussion about where I come from:

First of all, I am neither an imported fruit nor a mystical creature in a zoo, so comments about how rare or ‘exotic’ I am, and how new and exciting that is for everyone, implicitly suggests that I’m too different to belong. I understand that it is an unusual mixture to you, but to me it’s all I have ever known, it is natural and familiar and yet still something I have to condense into soundbites because here I am, explaining it to a stranger for the fifth time this week.

I may have foreign parents (is what I say when I mispronounce words like ‘radiator’ or reveal that I don’t know what Paddington Bear is), but I was born and educated in London and so bombarding me with questions about the political, socio-economic history of Brazil and Montenegro is going to make me feel like I don’t know enough about the political, socio-economic history of Brazil and Montenegro. Would you ask me this if I stuck to my ‘London’ answer? Probably not.

Loaded compliments that are solely based on my ethnicity make me feel uncomfortable, even if you don’t intend them to. Saying that I’m more interesting or more attractive based on something I have absolutely no control over is just an empty compliment – and if it wasn’t tinged with racism (and it usually is) – I probably wouldn’t care. But telling me that I must be an amazing dancer, or ‘fiery in the bedroom’, or must be used to wearing bikinis is bizarre and repulsive, and you should know better.

In all honesty, those comments are not that exhausting to deal with. There are plenty of people who are mixed, just like I am, but who have to deal with a lot more racism. I’m fortunate to pass as ‘white enough’, as I have been informed, so even though some casual racism might be thrown my way, my colour of my skin hasn’t often made me into a target the way it can for many others.

The hardest part of navigating my complex identity is that I myself, do not know exactly how to answer the ‘where are you from’ question. Truthfully, I am unsure. Debates about my ‘genuine’ identity, about the number of passports I have, or should have, about how many languages I can speak and about how much general knowledge I should have are not debates I agreed to when answering the question. Nor is my identity something you are entitled to ‘test’ me on. Here’s what I’d love to talk about, when I am asked about my background:

It is strange to be born in one country but have connections to two, very different countries. It is strange grow up in a household where all three languages are spoken, but English dominates out of practicality, so that the older I get the more I lose what once came to me so easily. And it is stranger still to grow up with a blend of three cultures that make the United Kingdom seem both so familiar yet so foreign at the same time, a feeling that is reinforced when someone insists on determining my origins even after I’ve already given them my answer. It is hard to grow up with family stretched between two different continents; I have missed birthdays, weddings and funerals. I go back often and still feel like an outsider, I read the news and listen to music in an effort to prove to other people (and myself) that I am authentically who I say I am.

These are things I’d much rather discuss with you, stranger or not, instead of struggling to answer what exact year Brazil’s military dictatorship ended, or explain that, yes, I do speak Montenegrin but I never learnt to read or write in it so I am nowhere near fluent. Please stop questioning me. Perhaps start listening instead?

Source:SOAS UK

For over two decades, Mali has been faced with certain economic challenges as a result of political unrest. As a result of this, it has also been portrayed in a negative light as an unsafe and impoverished country. However, the African country is currently making practical efforts to revolutionize its economy. One of which is to ensure it doesn’t miss out on the digital revolution taking place in the world.

“We are in the process of continued transformation of our economical ecosystem and digital economy is occupying a very huge place in that process,” Arouna Modibo, Mali’s Minister of Communications and Digital Economy told Ventures Africa in an interview.

The country is also particularly committed to the growth of businesses through technology and innovation. Below are some of the ways Mali is boosting entrepreneurship:

Mali StartUp

Arouna Modibo supported a start-up competition called “Mali Start-Up” at the beginning of the year.

Candidates would be judged based on the innovation of their idea, the scope of the project and its financial gains. The selection will also be made based on the argumentation and the demonstration of the project, which focuses on big data, cloud computing (storage and access to data), smart networks, cybersecurity, data protection etc. The project must also address a national or local problem.  

Mali Startup intends to recruit 50 Startups, to supervise them, to make an evaluation and to promote them.The top three start-up winners will get an immersive trip to Silicon Valley and meetings with top companies such as Microsoft, Apple, Google, Facebook. “We want to assert our desire not to miss the digital revolution,” the Minister said. 

Genesis Startups Mali program

This initiative was launched at the beginning of February this year. It is a joint initiative between Eureka Group and the Institute of Applied Sciences (ISA). This program aims to develop the entrepreneurship and innovation of graduates from professional training and support digital entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness of incubators and startups in Mali (SENECIS).

During the launch, Mr Coulibaly, president of the ISA said: The only condition for the development of Mali after 60 years of development aid, without result, is the involvement of young people in innovation and creativity.

Also, different workshops have been put in place for entrepreneurship training in Mali by different organisations like CREATEAM and Impact Hub as part of the Skills Development and Youth Employment project. There have been open innovation programmes like the Mali-based hackathon organized by Donilabs, CREATEAM, Jokkolabs, Teteliso and Impact Hub that led to the design of a new urban mobility app for a large local firm.

Mali is a tech-poor market. But even though making an innovative impact can be rather difficult, its recent efforts are commendable. Malians are building businesses, establishing start-ups and creating evolutionary innovations that are steadily improving and reviving the country’s economy.

Source: Ventures Africa

Back in 2017, SOAS was caught in something of a media storm when a Students’ Union commissioned report requested that academics decolonise the curriculum. According to some press outlets, SOAS students were sabotaging history and vandalising legitimate ideas. This perspective is being challenged by the creative directors behind the production ‘Decolonisation: Not Just a Buzzword’. They want to reveal that, in fact, ‘history is a troubling thing’, and perhaps it should be deconstructed.

The play uses the technique of Headphone Verbatim, where artists perform edited interviews whilst listening to them at the same time through headphones. Their performance relies on total honesty. Since it is only the actors who can hear the voices of the faculty members and students who were interviewed, they are required to keep every syllable, reflex, breath, divergence and accent completely intact throughout their performance. It is an effective technique. One of the actors explains that performing like this allows them to ‘reach for every detail without interruption’.

The honesty revealed on stage provides deeper introspection about the students reflections on positionality. For them, there is a clear link between their family histories and the way that race functions in this country. Decolonisation is a framework used to understand how the British ‘glorification of empire’ creates a hierarchy in ‘who counts as being British’. Growing up British and Asian, for instance, some students spoke about a feeling of dislocation, that in school the true impact of Empire was never discussed and this is ‘a form of neglect’. It means that children whose parents or grandparents were born in former colonies end up performing a ‘double consciousness’ where ‘you’re not just a subject of history’ but ‘you’re excluded from it’. In order to address this issue of erasure one student says that it would be ‘even more patriotic to really encounter empire and the past’ because Britain is so multicultural.

Despite Britain’s multiculturalism, with the rise of far right politics in recent years the perceived threat of the Other is all the more profound in Britain today. However, racism is far from a right wing problem; in fact, decolonisation reveals that racism is endemic in British society. Looking at academic syllabus history is a clear reflection of what is deemed to be important. In British schools there are not classes on Asian or African history. In fact, many of the students who were interviewed reveal that British school classes left them with the feeling that Asia and Africa were inferior. This form of ‘internalised racism’ is expressed by one student who recounts how her South Asian born father despairs that she spent her childhood and adolescence learning about Anne Boleyn when India has such a rich history of its own. I would agree that this is a form of neglect. It is problematic that the school system attempts to box people into one fantasy of British identity. In fact, the erasure of history is a neglect when it is an erasure of self knowledge for young people with divergent backgrounds.

In this way a conversation about decolonisation becomes a question about power. Who is allowed to remember and what will be remembered? The power to remember and create knowledge is restricted when it is controlled by one narrow perspective. As one interviewee states: decolonising is about making the views of diverse voices ‘heard’ but that ‘does not mean making the voices of middle aged white males illegitimate’ it is about representation. For this reason, decolonisation is expressed as taking positonality seriously – academics and students are interrogating ‘who am I and who am I talking to’ especially when these power dynamics reflect our wider society.

Perhaps this is the most robust point about decolonisation. As one academic says ‘you can reform the conversation about decolonisation to democratisation’. There is an ‘uneven’ world ‘system’ where ‘some people have power and wealth at the expense of others’. The perceived universality of the Global North is not just about Eurocentric thinking. Within this Eurocentric logic the Global South is made inferior resulting in the justification for colonial rule, exploitation of resources and unjust wars.

As such, for me, decolonisation is about asking who is it that benefits from history, and who is left out of history altogether? Troubling as these questions may be, we could all do well to ask ourselves them.  

Source: SOAS

Rwanda is set to open its first smartphone factory that would help improve access to digital services. This was announced by Paula Ingabire, the minister of ICT and innovation on thursday while speaking with the Parliamentary Committee on education, technology, culture, and youth. Operations in the factory would start in April this year.

The ICT minister said that the country was already in talks with Mara Group, a Pan-African multi-sector business services company to establish the plant. The Mara Group operates in technology, financial services, manufacturing, real estate & agriculture industries.

In November 2018, Mara Group announced that the production of Mara phones would soon commence. The company mentioned that the Mara X would be manufactured in plants across Africa. It also said the first manufacturing plants would be in Rwanda and South Africa.

Paula spoke on the importance of the smartphones, adding that there were some digital services like access to land service that required the use of smartphones. The minister also stressed that they had to ensure the smartphones were affordable for the people and as such certain measures would be put in place.

“To ensure smartphones become affordable, different strategies are needed to ensure each household has a smart device and digital literacy. We hope that the plant to locally produce smartphones will boost access,” said ingabire.

“Once the factory starts producing smartphones, people will be paying in instalments over a period of 24 months. We also have to work with telecommunication companies to seek ways of reducing prices on internet use, which will boost ICT penetration and digital services,” she added.

In a bid to further bridge the digital divide, ICT graduates called “Digital Ambassadors” have been trained and positioned across all sectors in association with DOT Rwanda to train the population on digital literacy.

The establishment of the smartphone factory would increase the number of individuals connected to the internet and digital services in Rwanda. It would also create employment opportunities for the people which would in turn have a positive impact on their economy.  

This investment can also improve the productivity and competitiveness of the economy.

Source: Ventures Africa

A new discovery could explain why obese people are more likely to develop cancer, scientists say. A type of cell the body uses to destroy cancerous tissue gets clogged by fat and stops working, the team, from Trinity College Dublin, found.

Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking, Cancer Research UK says.  And more than one in 20 cancer cases - about 22,800 cases each year in the UK - are caused by excess body weight.  Experts already suspected fat sent signals to the body that could both damage cells, leading to cancer, and increase the number of them.

Now, the Trinity scientists have been able to show, in Nature Immunology journal, how the body's cancer-fighting cells get clogged by fat. And they hope to be able to find drug treatments that could restore these "natural killer" cells' fighting abilities.

'Lose some weight'

Prof Lydia Lynch said: "A compound that can block the fat uptake by natural killer cells might help.  "We tried it in the lab and found it allowed them to kill again.

"But arguably a better way would be to lose some weight - because that is healthier for you anyway." Dr Leo Carlin, from the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, said: "Although we know that obesity increases the risk of 13 different types of cancer, we still don't fully understand the mechanisms underlying the link.

"This study reveals how fat molecules prevent immune cells from properly positioning their tumour-killing machinery, and provides new avenues to investigate treatments. "A lot of research focuses on how tumours grow in order to find metabolic targets to stop them, so this is a reminder that we should consider the metabolism of immune cells too."

Four years ago a publication was made Ghanaians living in Hamburg, Germany demanding answers from authorities about the rampant death of their countrymen. Years have passed but the toll of such deaths has neither ceased nor decreased. It is clear that death is inevitable but the frequency and circumstance is what is worrying.

It is upon this back drop that a discussion on that topic was held on the health show hosted by Effya on TopAfric radio and was covered by the NDR Das. This could be a huge step to drawing the attention of the right authorities to come to the aid of the Ghanaian community.

Within the public sphere the theory such as doctors intentionally killing their victims is purported to be one of the causes of such deaths.

During the radio discussion the following factors were enumerated to be possibly contributing to such premature death; Irresponsible self medication, unhealthy and sedentary life styles, physical inactivity, under utilisation of the health care system, religious and cultural beliefs and practices, ignorance and lack of information, double and quadruple jobs to cater for families and acquisitions of properties back home, genetics, environment etc. 

Recommendations to counteracting the problem will be to negate the above enumerated possible causes.

 As public Health scientists we see the issue as public health emergency which threatens the human security within the Ghanaian community in Hamburg. An anecdotal evidence of the issue at stake could be true but not enough deal with the problem.

To a achieve the desired result, a holistic approach is needed hence an urgent need for scientific research that encompasses needs assessments , data collection, analysis  and findings to draw and implement a comprehensive public health intervention which is participatory and culturally tailored to mitigate the problem.

The negative impacts of the continuous premature death of Ghanaians cannot be overemphasised. It affects the families and society at large as well as the economy here in Germany and Ghana. For this reason we would like to call on stakeholders to support the worthy course by funding such project. We are looking up to the Ghana Embassy, German Health ministry and other such interested institutions to heed to this call so as to ensure that such premature deaths would be a thing of the past through the implementation of public health interventions.
Ghanaians dying premature in Hamburg!!!

Aileen Ashe (Public Health scientist and language and culture mediator)
Ursula D’Almeida (pharmacist and  Public Health Scientist)

There is hardly anything that contributes to a better mood or offers more fun than one of the most beautiful pastimes in the world. But the importance of a healthy and regular sex life really is often underestimated.

Here are eight good reasons why you should not neglect your sex life. Because this is what happens to your body when you stop having sex:
Why a healthy sex life not only ensures a good mood

1. You get sick more often

If you don’t have sex for a long time, your immune system becomes significantly weaker. Germs then have an easier job of spreading in your body and you can catch a cold or get the flu more easily. So, just by having more sex, you can help keep your herbal remedy teas in the closet!

2. Your stress levels increase

Sex is a great way to reduce your stress levels. Regular sex reduces the amount of stress hormones and makes you feel more relaxed in everyday life. Without this important balance, you could become a ticking time bomb!

3. It’s harder for you to get aroused

It’s hard to believe, but true: If you don’t regularly “practice,” it’s difficult for a lot of people to become aroused. Men can experience problems having erections and it can be harder for women to have an orgasm. So, you have to stay on top of things to make sure the “switch” always remains on.

4. Your dreams change
Some people suddenly notice that they have strange dreams when their sex life is suffering. It can mean that you unexpectedly start dreaming about sex or have orgasms in your sleep.

5. Over time you lose your desire to have sex

If your body notices that you’re having a prolonged dry spell in the sexual sense, the production of sex hormones reduces. You feel less like having sex if you have been abstinent for a while. In addition, your libido will eventually feel different. And this is all due to the fact that your sex hormones are slowly vanishing.

6. You’ll feel more distance between your partner and yourself

When a couple in a relationship only rarely sleep together, their interpersonal distance becomes greater. You may start to have feelings of uncertainty related to your partner and other people will seem more attractive to you.

7. It lowers your feeling of self-worth

It is not surprising that a person’s self-worth is harmed, if that individual does not regularly feel desired. But a lack of sex has been proven to affect a person’s well-being, leading to sadness or depression when sex is absent from their lives. Studies have shown that having sex regularly helps fight depression. It can sometimes even work as well as antidepressants.

8. Your risk of cancer increases

For men, the risk of prostate cancer increases when they don’t have sex for a longer period of time. So it’s not a bad idea for men to “flush out” the pipes. Because then the risk is significantly reduced.

Well, if all this isn’t motivation enough, then I don’t know what is! For all these reasons, it would be almost irresponsible not to make love more regularly, don’t you think?!


This article was first published in 2014! 
The rate at which Ghanaians are dying prematurely in Hamburg -Germany is alarming and it is time authorities begin to ask questions and provide answers. Life expectancy has improved tremendously in Germany over the years.

In 2012 the life expectancy in Germany increased to about 81.00 years. That for women was at 83.30 years and for men 78.60 years. If statistics available to TopAfric is correct, the Ghana community buried over 30 people 2014, burried 46 people in 2016. As at Nov 2018, more than 30 Ghanaians have been burried. The average age was just around 45 years.                                                                   

The irony is that Ghanaians are dying more than all other Black -/Africans in Hamburg put together. Yes the wages of life is death, but when Ghanaians find themselves in a country with better health infrastructures then they should live longer.

Ghanaians in Hamburg are definitely doing something wrong because even in Ghana, where the rate of avoidable death (drinking and driving, bad roads, no road signs, poor medication, bribery at hospitals or unavailability of medical care) is high the folks are living longer.

Life expectancy in Ghana as at 2012 is about 61 years, so why this high rate of death in Germany.Why the community awaits the results from the authorities to guide the people as to what is wrong and what can be done better. The following unscientific assumptions are making the air waves.

There is this weird speculation that the “Alster River” dislikes this black clothing’s of Ghanaians, the people are therefore disregarding the gods of the river. “The gods are not to blame”.

Ghanaians in Hamburg love burials and funerals above everything; they are seen every week organizing funerals of relatives that have passed away far in Ghana. First the “One Week” and then the “Funerals”.

What you love most is what shall kill you!
There are times the cemetery worker asked if a prominent person or a star is dead. One jokingly said this is a confirmation of the high rate of unemployment amongst the Ghana community.

It would be in the interest of the community to discourage all imported funerals and mobilize the people only when one of the inhabitants dies in Hamburg. The traumatic lifestyle; high divorce rate,  inability to cope with the structured German routine, the bureaucracy, the bad eating habits –eating heavy “fufu” at mid nights, disregard for good health, could be a contributing factor...

Husbands and wives building separate mansions through their menial job, to impress family members back home. Unfortunately 90% do not even sleep in these homes before the lucky ones join the colleagues at “Hamburg -Friedhof Ohlsdorf (Kapelle 10) “the biggest cemetery in the World.

One insanity is changing trains and busses on weekends from funerals and parties to another, sadly incorrectly dressed during the winter season. It is time the Ghana Union and opinion leaders stamp their authority, coordinate all social activities, ban one week funerals and imported funerals.

Whilst we all undertake weekly sporting activities, we encourage the Ghana Embassy in Berlin and the Ghana Union in Hamburg to seek from the German authorities the causes of these premature deaths and make public the findings, -names anonymous.

With all things being equal Ghanaians in Germany can live to be 81 years.

God Bless Ghana! 
God Bless Germany
Desmond John Beddy

Obesity is a growing problem within the African/Black community in Germany and Europe at Large.
With foods such as Fufu, Rice, Yam, Plantains as the staple unit, it makes it easy for Africans to gain weight so easily.

Akoto Degross was an obese individual who lived in Hamburg, Germany for a while where he was attending University and it was during this period that he decided to make a drastic change in his obese life by loosing half his body weight.

He had tried numerous times to loose weight but not until he lost his mother did he buckle up and strictly jump into loosing weight and living a healthier lifestyle.

In the video below, he discusses different reasons why Africans in the diaspora are over weight. He explained what they are doing wrong and how they can change and live better and healthier lives.

He also stated that the obesity epidemic is primarily rampant among the African Women in the diaspora.

He is an author and certified weight loss expert and runs a program called fat2fitghana ( which helps alot of people loose weight and live a healthier life style.

He has also written 2 books on how to loose weight.

1. 7 Simple steps to losing weight (
2. Change what you eat Change how you look 
..Click this link to read it (

Insects are high in protein and minerals, need far less feed per kilo of mass than cattle do and produce far less greenhouse gas per kilo than pigs. A United Nations food agency is pushing a new kind of diet for a hungry world. It ranks high in nutritional value and gets good grades for protecting the environment: edible insects.

The Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization hailed the likes of grasshoppers, ants and other members of the insect world as an underutilised food for people, livestock and pets. A new report says two billion people worldwide already supplement their diets with insects. Insects are high in protein and minerals, need far less feed per kilo of mass than cattle do and produce far less greenhouse gas per kilo than pigs.

While most edible insects are gathered in forests, the UN says mechanisation can boost insect-farming production. Currently most insect farming serves niche markets such as China.


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A new discovery could explain why obese people are more likely to develop cancer, scientists say. A type of cell the body uses to destroy cancerous tissue gets clogged by fat and stops working, the team, from Trinity College Dublin, found.

Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking, Cancer Research UK says.  And more than one in 20 cancer cases - about 22,800 cases each year in the UK - are caused by excess body weight.  Experts already suspected fat sent signals to the body that could both damage cells, leading to cancer, and increase the number of them.

Now, the Trinity scientists have been able to show, in Nature Immunology journal, how the body's cancer-fighting cells get clogged by fat. And they hope to be able to find drug treatments that could restore these "natural killer" cells' fighting abilities.

'Lose some weight'

Prof Lydia Lynch said: "A compound that can block the fat uptake by natural killer cells might help.  "We tried it in the lab and found it allowed them to kill again.

"But arguably a better way would be to lose some weight - because that is healthier for you anyway." Dr Leo Carlin, from the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, said: "Although we know that obesity increases the risk of 13 different types of cancer, we still don't fully understand the mechanisms underlying the link.

"This study reveals how fat molecules prevent immune cells from properly positioning their tumour-killing machinery, and provides new avenues to investigate treatments. "A lot of research focuses on how tumours grow in order to find metabolic targets to stop them, so this is a reminder that we should consider the metabolism of immune cells too."

A small ten year old Kenyan-German girl in Duisburg is dancing her way to become a European Dance Champion. At her age, Tracy Gathoni has mastered the art of hip hop street dance and is collecting trophies to prove it.
Tracy made her debut in competitive dance in 2012 at the United Dance Organization (UDO) championships in Glasgow-Scotland, and she has never looked back.
After that competition, Tracy’s mother saw her potential and enrolled her in dance classes in Duisburg with renowned trainer, Martina Böhm from TopDance. A course Tracy now attends once a week.
Daughter to a Kenyan lady, Diana Rose Wambui, Tracy has two brothers: 5-year-old Myles and 3-year-old Tyler. The boys have also taken a keen interest in dancing. In fact, Myles recently shared a stage with his sister at the UDO 2016 championships in Gladbeck, coming in at first place. “I had thought that the boys would be more interested in soccer and other sports, but apparently, they are taking after their sister”, Diana Rose says.
The dotting mother of three says that each child has an individual inborn talent that can be nurtured through encouragement and she is determined to support her daughter through it all.
Diana Rose works hard to ensure her daughter gets what she needs for the competitions. She says she would do whatever possible to ensure that her daughter attains her fullest potential in this sport she loves.
Her love for dance and diligence in practice has seen the 10 year-old-girl amass trophies from her spectacular performance. Most of the dances are solo, but she also in a duo with her 11-year-old best friend Aliyah Werner. Some of which are made carved into history on their Facebook page Tracy und Aliyah
Although she loves dancing she confesses to getting nervous before getting on stage. “Sometimes I have no routine at the start of the dance, but once the music begins playing, I gain my ground and dance away”, she explains. She is probably the youngest self-taught upcoming super dance star.
Her prowess on the dance floor has seen her gather about 30 trophies all won in the 1st position. In 2014 and 2015, she performed a solo at the world championships held in Scotland. She has also graced Das SuperTalent a renowned German talent show on RTL. Recently, a video of her performance at the European United Dance Organization-Germany went viral on YouTube.
Through her dancing Tracy has become a household name in NRW and specifically in Duisburg where she lives. The city Mayor (Bürgemeister) knows her personally and invites her to perform at various events.
And before you think dancing is all she does, Tracy recently joined Gymnasium from primary school. Gymnasium only takes the top cream and usually prepares children for an academic profession. The cheeky girl with a beautiful smile on her face says she has a timetable clearly making time for her books and dancing.
Unlike kids her age who would be excited about the fame and limelight, Tracy says she doesn’t flaunt it when she’s in school and rarely tells them what she does over the weekend. She reasons that dancing is her hobby and she would like it separate that from school.
Unlike her schoolmates who might not have an idea who she is in her other life, her brothers have not been spared from seeing her shine and they both believe she’s a star. “They believe Tracy is a star in dancing and no one can convince them otherwise”, Diana Rose beams.
One would have thought that Diana Rose would be applauded for her dedication to make her daughter a dance star, but she has received some backlash with some people accusing her of only focusing on Tracy while she has three children. But to her defence Diana Rose says that the boys are on the track of choosing what activities they love but as soon as they set their sights on something, she’ll be there supporting them. In the meantime, they enjoy emulating their sister, learning new moves and dance styles.
Diana Rose regrets that most Kenyan parents in Germany are so engrossed in work and the daily hustle and do not have time for their children.
“It is important to know what capabilities your child is displaying and support them to achieve their goals” she advices.
Surprisingly, Tracy is not convinced she will end up as a professional dancer, since her last trip to the Museum of Archaeology has convinced her that she would make a great archaeologist.