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President Buhari has assured Nigerians of his administration’s commitment to return the country to the path of peace and prosperity. He also said it was wrong to blame leaders alone for the present state of affairs in the country.

The President, who spoke at the graduation ceremony of Senior Course 40 of the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji, Kaduna State, assured of his administration’s efforts to take Nigeria to higher. “May I assure you of this administration’s effort to return our country on the path of peace and prosperity,” he said.

Buhari, who recalled his campaign promises during the last general elections, assured of his administration’s commitment to return the country to the path of peace and prosperity. He said: “I made three key promises to Nigerians. First is to address the various security challenges facing our country; second, to reposition our economy and third to fight the serious challenge of corruption, which had eaten so deep into the very fabric that sustain our nation.

“On the issue of security, we recognize that security challenges abound in all countries of the world, including Nigeria. I am certain, with the consistent efforts of our security agencies; these challenges shall be considerably mitigated and minimized.”

The President said the citizenry cannot be absolved of the blame as well in the nation’s woes. His words: “The change we desire in Nigeria actually starts with us as individuals. In Nigeria, there is the tendency to lay the blame for the state of affairs in the country on the doorsteps of leaders alone.

“Yes, leaders have a major role to play in providing direction and the enabling environment. However, the citizens’ role also is vital in attaining meaningful transformation of any society.” The President hailed the military for their sacrifice, saying:

“Over the years, the Nigerian Armed Forces have provided the appropriate response to the numerous security challenges facing our country. “Their response to Boko Haram insurgency, militancy, kidnapping, activities of separatists and armed militias, amongst others, have been very commendable.

“The military has also committed huge resources towards stability of the West African sub-region and world peace in general. “Our efforts in Liberia and Sierra Leone, which stabilized the West African sub-region readily come to mind.

“More recently, our armed forces have also contributed to the peace in The Gambia, Mali and South Sudan. “It, therefore, goes without saying that a force that is extensively committed to the maintenance of local, national, regional and world peace needs to be adequately prepared to confront security challenges as they emerge.”

Buhari said his administration will give attention to training in the military. His words: “It is pretty obvious that our dear nation is having its fair share of security challenges. “However, it is important to reiterate that capacity building remains the bedrock of combat ready, effective and efficient military.

“Incidentally, our tri-service training institutions, especially the Armed Forces Command and Staff College Jaji, have been playing critical roles in this regard.b“These institutions, as well as the single-service training institutions, must continue to be provided with the requisite support to enable them to discharge their obligations.

“To this end, the Federal Government will continue to give priority to the training and welfare of officers and men of our armed forces. “This is not only because we salute their courage and sacrifice for the safety and stability of our country, but because the armed forces of Nigeria have continued to be the bastion of our unity.”

The President also said he was delighted to observe that amongst the graduating students are 11 international officers from various African countries. He, therefore, called for partnership among African countries to tackle security challenges facing the continent.

Cameroon’s President, Paul Biya, is clearly not ready to leave office as he has confirmed his candidacy for presidential polls slated for October 7th this year.

This will be his seventh consecutive mandate which will also extend his reign till 2025. It will, however, be the fifth universal suffrage with multiple candidates.

The octogenarian who is considered one of Africa’s longest-serving leaders made the announcement via his social media handles on early Friday morning.

“Dear Compatriots in Cameroon & the Diaspora, Aware of the challenges we must take up together to ensure a more united, stable & prosperous Cameroon, I am willing to respond positively to your overwhelming calls. I will stand as Your Candidate in the upcoming presidential election,” his post read.

Paul Biya of Cameroon, became President in November 1982, having served as Prime Minister since June 1975

Predecessor: Ahmadou Ahidjo
Presidential reign: 36 years. 43 years (PM and presidential era)

Grainy video circulating on social media this week shows two women — one with a baby on her back and another holding hands with a young child — walking across a dirt patch. Armed men walk behind them, and one yells in French “You are B.H., you are going to die.”

The men blindfold them and force them to kneel. Then they raise their rifles and shoot them.

Since the video began to be shared widely this week, questions have arisen over who the perpetrators and victims are, and where and when it was recorded. The Washington Post was unable to verify where the video was filmed or who appears in it.

But Amnesty International released a statement this week saying that its experts have “gathered credible evidence that it was Cameroonian soldiers depicted in a video carrying out the horrific extrajudicial executions of two women and two young children.” The human rights group says the video was probably shot in Cameroon's far north region, where Cameroonian forces have been fighting to push back Boko Haram extremists over the past several years.

The Post was unable to reach the Cameroon Embassy in Washington for comment, but Issa Tchiroma Bakary, a spokesman for the Cameroonian government, told reporters this week, that “the video … is nothing but an unfortunate attempt to distort actual facts and intoxicate the public."

“Its sincerity can be easily questioned,” he said of the video, calling it “fake news.” Reuters reported that Bakary also said the weapons and uniforms did not line up with those worn by soldiers in Cameroon's far north region.

The Cameroonian government said it would carry out an investigation, but Amnesty International has expressed fears it will not be impartial as the government has already not dismissed the video as not depicting their soldiers. In its statement this week, Amnesty also said that “both the weapons and uniforms of the soldiers in the video are indicative of the Cameroon army.”

In a phone call with The Post, Ilaria Allegrozzi, Amnesty International's Lake Chad researcher who covers Cameroon, said there are a number of key details that make the human rights group think the video was recorded in Cameroon and features Cameroonian soldiers as the perpetrators. She said in addition to their analysis of the uniforms and weapons, “the landscape really meshes” with scrubland in northern Cameroon, and the armed men are heard speaking Cameroonian-accented French. She said they accuse the women in the video of belonging to B.H., a common nickname in the region for Boko Haram.

“It's one of the worst videos I've ever watched, and I've watched many videos coming from perpetrators in the Boko Haram conflict, but this is really shocking,” she said. “Two kids are killed — one baby boy and one girl maybe 6 or 7 years old maximum.”

A presidential election is scheduled in Cameroon for October, and this week, longtime President Paul Biya announced he will run for a seventh term. Biya, 85, has been in office since 1982. Lately, the military has been struggling against extremists in the country's far north and against separatists in Cameroon's Anglophone regions.

Amnesty International has on other occasions accused authorities in Cameroon of abusing civilians in its fight against Boko Haram extremists. Last year, the group released a report documenting the arbitrary arrests and torture of civilians by authorities in northern Cameroon.

Allegrozzi said in relation to the execution video, “this dismissal by the Cameroonian authorities is pretty concerning.

“They said they'd open an investigation and already dismissed it as fake news without proving anything,” she said. “What we have seen in Cameroon is a climate of total impunity where any crime can be committed and no one will be held accountable.”

Athens (CNN)At least 74 people have died in the worst wildfires to hit Greece in more than a decade, with some residents forced to flee into the sea to escape the advancing flames Residents told of horrifying scenes as flames engulfed a seaside village, where the only way out for some was to run for the water.

Boats were mobilized in a hurriedly-organized rescue operation as the flames took hold on Monday night. Reuters reported that 696 people were picked up from beaches and 19 from the sea. Rescuers also retrieved four bodies from the sea. The Greek fire service confirmed that 25 people were found dead close to the seaside resort village of Mati as they tried to escape the fires.

At least 164 adults and 23 children have been injured in the blazes, which are burning in five main fronts in the Attica region, including one that is currently out of control near Mati. The area is popular with Greek tourists, in particular retirees and children who go to holiday camps there. The fire service said many of those trying to escape were prevented from doing so by "increased wind intensity," which helped fan the flames at a rapid pace.
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People whose relatives are missing are still making calls to the fire service. In addition to about 500 firefighters battling the five major blazes, more than 100 members of the armed forces and fire brigade are searching for the missing, according to Greek National Fire Brigade spokeswoman Stavroula Malliri. Greek Prime Minster Alexis Tsipras has declared three days of mourning.

"There are no words to describe the feelings of all of us," he said during a televised address Tuesday. "The country is going through a tragedy," Tsipras said, adding that the events were "unbearable for everyone." The Greek government has approved 20 million euros (about $23 million) to address the immediate needs of people and towns affected by the country's devastating wildfires, Greek government spokesman Dimitris Tzanakopoulos said Tuesday.

So far 715 people have been evacuated, mainly from the area of Mati, according to government spokesman Dimitris Tzanakopoulos. The fires are the deadliest to have hit the country since blazes that burned through the southern Peloponnese in August 2007, killing dozens. "Attica is facing a very difficult night. The combination of intense winds and multiple parallel fronts has created an unprecedented extent and difficulty for firefighters," Tzanakopoulos said in a briefing late Monday.
greece2
The Attica region, which has a population of around 3.5 million people, is home to the capital Athens, the port of Piraeus and a number of suburban towns. The fires forced the Prime Minster to fly back early from a state visit to Bosnia. He has urged citizens to forget their property and focus on survival. "Everyone should keep their temper and take care to protect the most precious good that is human life," he said.

"Property, all that has a material value, (can be) recreated. Human lives are the ones that cannot come back." Mati resident Nana Laganou told journalists that she had escaped by running into the sea, that the fire was "lightning fast" and that it was the first time she'd encountered something like this.  "I would have liked to see some (reaction) from the state, but we didn't and we won't and that makes me angry."

Another Mati resident, Kostas Laganos, said that he had also escaped the flames by diving into the ocean. "Thankfully the sea was there and we went into the sea, because the flames were chasing us all the way to the water, it burned our backs and we dove into the water," he said.  "It reminded me of the eruption (of Vesuvius in 79 AD) at Pompeii, exactly that, and I said my God, we must run to save ourselves, and nothing else. Terrible."

The nearby port town of Rafina has also been hit by the wildfires. Anastasiya Pontikas, 32, told CNN that she returned from the supermarket on Monday to find her home surrounded by flames. She quickly packed up some belongings and fled with her husband.

"The wind became stronger and black smoke was coming for us," she said. "We could not breathe, panic started everywhere." "The fire stopped 100 meters from our house. When we came back home to see what happened, all the trees in our street were still on fire." So far Spain and Cyprus have offered assistance, and Greece has called on other fellow members of the European Union to help battle the blaze.
180725113956 01 greece wildfires 0725 exlarge 169
Various governments, including the US and the Netherlands, offered sympathy to the beleaguered region. Much of Europe has been baking under a massive high-pressure ridge that is allowing tropical heat to climb all the way to the Arctic. Temperatures above 32˚C (90˚F) extended to the northern reaches of Scandinavia, setting records in Sweden, Finland and Norway for stations above the Arctic Circle. The result has been a string of unprecedented wildfires in Sweden that have prompted the country to request assistance from other nations such as Italy, with more resources to fight wildfires.

Source CNN

Another WWDC has come and gone, and even though Tim Cook and company showed off the future of Apple software, the company's Mac hardware has been left untouched. The Mac faithful, those devoted members of the community that kept the company afloat in the dark days, cling to every shred of hope that Apple throws their favorite Mac a little love.

Unfortunately, many Macs have been left behind by cheaper, better options on the Windows PC side of the fence. Consider for a moment that Apple still sells the 2013-era Mac Pro for $3,000—highway robbery from a pure performance perspective. Would you buy a car at its original MSRP even though it's been sitting on the lot for five years? I don't think so.

With that in mind, I've put together a list of excellent Windows alternatives to the most popular Mac models. Especially if you rely on your computers for your livelihood, there's no reason to wait on Apple to finally cater to your needs. From the low-end to beastly 32-core prosumer rigs, the PC world is getting really exciting again.

Sure, macOS has its advantages, but Windows 10 is a mature, stable platform that's updated and improved on the regular. Switching to PCs means you'll be able to grab the latest and greatest computers at a wide array of prices from any number of PC manufacturers, without having to light prayer candles at a shrine dedicated to Steve Wozniak.

MacBook/MacBook Air

Apple's most portable notebooks are in an awkward spot. While the MacBook has seen recent spec bumps, its small screen and single USB-C port feel limiting. The MacBook Air soldiers on with the same screen, processor, and chassis it's had for three years. If you prefer a cushier keyboard, USB-A, and magnetic charging connection, you'll be paying top dollar for a dowdy display and crusty Intel processors from generations long past in the MacBook Air.

The Microsoft Surface Laptop is a solid substitute for these slimmer Macs. You get newer chips, a brilliant 13-inch display, a wonderful keyboard, and an eye-catching design. Starting at only $799, it's a premium notebook without the performance drawbacks of what Apple's offering right now.

MacBook Pro

The 15-inch MacBook Pro is arguably the only MacBook worthy of the professional branding, since it has the biggest screen, fastest graphics, and hottest processor of Apple's laptop lineup. Plus, you get Apple's Touch Bar, which, is of dubious value, but is a nice bonus.

But it's put to shame by Razer's latest flagship Razer Blade laptop. With a six-core Intel processor and Nvidia 10-series graphics as the standard configuration, it's positioned to make the mightiest Mac notebook look downright antique. Peep that slim display bezel … gaze lovingly upon its traditional style RGB-backlit keyboard and humongous glass trackpad. It even has USB-A ports, Thunderbolt 3, and RAM that you can—gasp—upgrade!

Mac Mini

The Mac Mini is one of my all-time favorite computers. Unfortunately, the last update this model received from Apple was all the way back in 2014, and the refresh made the poor Mini slower in some configurations and nigh impossible to upgrade in all of them. It's still sold at outrageous prices all these years later, starting at $500 for a wimpy fourth-generation Intel i5 processor.

If you love tiny-yet-powerful mini computers, might I recommend the Intel NUC? These computers are mini-er than Apple's Mini and feature newer seventh and eighth-generation chips that run rings around the li'lest Mac. You can buy them either as complete models running Windows 10, or as barebones kits where you add your own RAM, storage, and OS of choice.

If you're a gamer or want to get into VR, there's even the Hades Canyon model, with powerful AMD Radeon Vega graphics under the hood. And, whereas Apple charges you beaucoup bucks for a three-year AppleCare warranty, you'll get that standard with each NUC.

I'll be the first to admit that the iMac is a super-nice desktop computer. While many other PC makers try to ape this stylish, slim all-in-one, few truly match its appeal. It's also one of the models Apple's been the most consistent about keeping fresh; the current lineup runs on Intel's seventh generation chips, and many include AMD graphics to boot.

The machine I'd recommend checking out is HP's epic desktop, the HP Envy Curved All-in-One. With a wide 34-inch curved display, you get the real estate of two separate monitors in one contiguous LCD panel. But whether you're popping full apps next to one another with room to spare, or just blowing up a widescreen movie to take up this entire screen, HP's Envy stands apart.

Apple has promised its demanding users an update to the long-in-the-tooth, 2013-vintage Mac Pro. It said the new system was in the works last year, but it's looking unlikely a new Mac Pro will hit store shelves before 2019. Until then, the five-year-old, thermally constrained, expansion-averse cylinder can be had ... at 2013 prices. The iMac Pro is a good pick for professional needs, but it's seemingly not built to last, cramming its storage, RAM, and display into a hermetically sealed, non-upgradeable chassis. If you're tired of waiting for Apple to offer a true pro desktop, why not check out what Dell's dishing out?

The Dell Precision 7820 starts at $1,700 for a six-core Xeon-powered workstation—roughly half the price of Apple's competing model. These modular, upgradeable towers offer plenty of possibilities to make this machine last for a decade or longer. Unlike Apple's old-ass trash can, Dell's workstations can be upgraded with ridiculously powerful processors with dozens of cores, modern graphics, and up to 384 GB of RAM. You don't even have to open the case up to add more storage thanks to an externally accessible caddy solution.

For users clinging to their trusty cheesegrater Mac Pro towers, Dell's traditional, functional, buttoned-down tower should feel like coming home. Plus, Dell's pro machines all come with a three-year on-site repair agreement, so you'll never be caught waiting around for someone to pay attention to you at the crowded Apple Store (and you'll save hundreds over buying AppleCare).

By Brendan Nystedt
wired.com

Donald Trump agreed to lift sanctions against North Korea along with providing it with security guarantees, the nation’s state news agency has claimed.The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), which also reported Kim Jong-un had accepted an invitation to visit the White House, said Mr Trump had indicated he would lift sanctions along with ending military exercises with South Korea.

There was no independent confirmation of the claim and no immediate comment from the White House. On Tuesday, while Mr Trump had indicated he wanted to end “very provocative” war games, he said that sanctions would remain in place to exert “tremendous pressure”.

The Wall Street Journal said the North Korean report quoted Mr Trump as crediting Mr Kim’s “proactive peace-loving measures” for having created the atmosphere of peace this year. It also suggested Mr Trump had adopted North Korea’s preferred phased approach towards any denuclearisation process, saying the two men had agreed to the “principle of step-by-step and simultaneous action”.

The White House did not immediately respond to queries about the report on Wednesday. Mr Trump did not make any mention of sanctions as he posted a series of tweets as he flew back to Washington via Hawaii, praising the talks and scoffing at those who had said such a meeting could not take place.

“The world has taken a big step back from potential nuclear catastrophe! No more rocket launches, nuclear testing or research! The hostages are back home with their families. Thank you to Chairman Kim, our day together was historic,” he said in one tweet.

In another, he added: “A year ago the pundits & talking heads, people that couldn’t do the job before, were begging for conciliation and peace – “please meet, don’t go to war.” Now that we meet and have a great relationship with Kim Jong Un, the same haters shout out, “you shouldn’t meet, do not meet!”

KCNA said Mr Trump also expressed his intention to offer security guarantees to North Korea and lift sanctions “over a period of good-will dialogue” between the two countries. It said Mr Kim had said the North could take unspecified “additional good-will measures of next stage commensurate with them” if the US takes genuine measures to build trust.

It quoted Mr Kim as saying: “It’s urgent to make a bold decision on halting irritating and hostile military actions against each other.”

On Tuesday, Mr Trump had been asked about whether he planned to lift sanctions against Pyongyang. 

“The sanctions will come off when we are sure that the nukes are no longer a factor. Sanctions played a big role, but they’ll come off at that point,” he said. “I hope it’s going to be soon, but they’ll come off.  As you know, and as I’ve said, the sanctions right now remain. But at a certain point, I actually look forward to taking them off.”

Mr Trump said he had decided not to press ahead to impose 300 new proposed sanctions as it would be “disrespectful” to do so while preparing for the summit. Yet he said he would not lift sanctions that existed unless there was a significant improvement in regard to North Korea’s notorious human rights record.

“No. I want significant improvement. I want to know that it won’t be happening. And again, once you start that process, there will be a point at which, even though you won’t be finished for a while because it can’t happen scientifically or mechanically, but you’re not going to be able to go back. You know, once we reach that point, I’ll start to give that very serious thought,” he said.

He said he believed that 34-year-old Mr Kim, whom he described as a “strong” leader, said he would live up to the agreement they signed to work towards denuclearisation on the Korean peninsula. He said the summit marked a “great moment in the history of the world”.  

The agreement with North Korea did not currently envision removing the 28,500 US troops stationed in South Korea. However, Mr Trump said he favoured a long-term plan to reduce US troop numbers from South Korea and said the US “will be stopping the war games”, a major concession that was seized on by critics of the president.

Mr Trump was also criticised for failing to make human rights in North Korea a central part of his negotiations. Mr Trump had said they had been raised, but not in great detail. 

“While we welcome news that President Trump raised human rights at the summit, Amnesty International urges the US government to continue to push for urgent reforms in North Korea,” said Francisco Bencosme of Amnesty International USA. “Human rights should not be a footnote in any engagement with Kim Jong-un, but rather a crucial component in negotiations between the two countries.

He added: “There are no “great winners” when North Korea continues to commit systemic, widespread, and grave violations of human rights, some of which may amount to crimes against humanity. It must close its prison camps, where up to 120,000 people continue to be held, protect freedom of expression, and reunite families separated through displacement during the war, forced disappearances, or abductions.”

Campaigners working for denuclearisation said Mr Trump’s meeting with Mr Kim had been a start, but that more work needed to be done.

Christine Ahn, the founder of Women Cross DMZ, who was in South Korea recently to lead a women’s peace delegation, said: “Although the document signed by Trump and Kim is thin, it is bold in its direction of re-orienting relations between historic adversaries.”

She added: “The fact that the first two points start with a commitment to establish new relations and to build a lasting peace on the Korean peninsula demonstrates Trump’s pragmatism and understanding that peace and security assurances are paramount to North Korea’s concerns and pursuit of nuclear weapons.”
Source: The Independenct

Taking into account that Germany is a country many people want to live, work, and study in, they also want to know how to get German citizenship. Germany is a country full of bureaucratic procedures and red tape, so naturally, even the German Federal Foreign Office states that citizenship law is immensely complicated.

Nevertheless, we have divided this guide into comprehensive sections, which can provide you with tips, requirements, and application procedures that show you how to become a German citizen.

What does it mean to have German Citizenship?

When you are living in Germany only as a permanent resident, you do not qualify as a citizen of Germany. This puts some restrictions in your status, and that is why so many permanent residents of Germany seek to get citizenship.

Having German citizenship gives you rights and freedoms that non-citizens do not have. You will have these opportunities as a German citizen:

  • The right to vote
  • The right of free movement
  • The right of assembly and association
  • The right of consular protection
  • Unrestricted access to find a job in Germany
  • The right to become a civil servant, etc.

Besides the rights as per the German constitution, you will also have the obligations and duties that each German citizen has. This includes the integration in society, respect for and obedience of all laws, and even German military service.

Types of German Citizenship

Becoming a German citizen is not possible under all circumstances. There are three general instances that can lead to you getting German citizenship.

    • By naturalization
    • By right of blood or in Latin Jus Sanguinis
    • By right of soil or in Latin Jus Soli

Getting citizenship by naturalization implies that you have fulfilled certain requirements that the German government has set and you qualify to apply for German citizenship. The other type, by right of blood or Jus Sanguinis means that you get German citizenship if you are a direct descendant of German citizens. This includes only your parents and no other relatives. By right of soil or Jus Soli means that you are born within the borders of Germany, so in German soil and that is how you get your citizenship.

All people with the exception of EU, EEA, or Swiss nationals, must fulfill requirements and fall into one of these categories for getting German citizenship.

Despite these three instances being quite straightforward, each one of them has its own rules and regulations, which we will discuss further.

German Naturalization

German naturalization means that after a certain period of living in Germany as a permanent resident, you apply to become a citizen. There are many restrictions and requirements for obtaining naturalization, so not everyone can get it.

German Citizenship Requirements for Naturalization

The requirements that you need to fulfill in order to qualify for naturalization are as follows:

  • You must have lived in Germany on a residence permit for at least 8 years, or
  • You must have lived in Germany on a residence permit for 7 years and attended an integration course (this becomes 6 years on special integration circumstances)
  • You must prove German language proficiency of at least B1
  • You must be financially able to support yourself and your family without any help from the state
  • You must be a law-abiding citizen with no criminal record
  • You must pass a citizenship test
  • You must renounce any previous citizenships

Your residence records are in the government system so that will be an easy requirement to fulfill. For financial stability, you can submit bank statements and other documents, which state your financial situation. In addition, you must give up all previous citizenships, except if the other country does not allow it or it is impossible to give it up. This is the case with many countries in conflict, such as Syria.

One of the most important requirements in this case, which you must prove through testing is your language proficiency. You can prove that you know German up to the B1 level required by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, by providing any of these documents:

  • A German language certificate such as the Zertifikat Deutsch
  • A certification that you have obtained through an integration course, such as the “DTZ – German test for immigrants”
  • A certificate which proves you have completed a German secondary school
  • Admissions proof in a German upper secondary school
  • A certificate which proves you have completed at least 4 years of school in German with a passing grade
  • Proof of completion of higher education degrees in German

If you do not have any document, which proves your language proficiency, you can complete a government language test administered by your citizenship authority. Either way, you must know German in order to be eligible for naturalization or any other type of German citizenship.  

How to apply for German Citizenship Naturalization?

If you can prove that you meet all the requirements for naturalization, you can begin your application process. All persons over the age of 16 are obliged to apply. Parents and legal guardians of children under 16 years old apply for them. The steps to applying for naturalization are as follows:

Get an application form

Since Germany is a big country, each state and place has their immigration office to apply for naturalization. To begin the process, you must get a naturalization application form from one of the following places:

  • The local immigration office
  • If you live in an urban area, go to the city council
  • If you live in a German district, go to the regional district office
  • The town council or any other local authorities

Fill the application form and start compiling a file with all documents, which prove you meet the requirements.

Pass the German Citizenship Test

To prove that you are ready to gain German citizenship, you must pass the citizenship test. This test includes 33 multiple choice questions on German living, society, rules, and laws, as well as questions specific to the place you live. The test takes one hour and you must answer at least 17 questions correctly to pass the test. When you pass the test, you will get a naturalization certificate, which you can add to your document file.

To prepare for the test, you can take an integration course, use the practice test options of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, or simply read more information on German life and laws.

You can be exempt from the naturalization test if you belong to any of these groups:

  • You cannot take the test due to old age, illness, or disability
  • You are under 16 years old
  • You have a higher education degree from a German university in politics, law, or social sciences

Pay the naturalization fees

There are also certain fees associated with applying for German citizenship through naturalization. These are the fees you must pay:

  • Application form for 255 Euros for adults
  • Application form for 51 Euros for children under 16 years old
  • Naturalization/Citizenship test for 25 Euros
  • Citizenship certificate for 25 Euros

Submit all documents

Take the documents which prove you meet naturalization requirements, your application form, the receipts that you have paid all fees, and your naturalization certificate to the office from which you have taken the application form. The officers will go through your case and if approved, you will get the citizenship certificate. The certificate now proves that you are a citizen of Germany and not just a permanent resident.

German Citizenship by Marriage

People who qualify for naturalization are not only those who have had permanent residence in Germany for a specified period of time. If you marry a German citizen you can also get citizenship by applying for naturalization.

Foreign nationals who are already married to a German national must still meet all naturalization requirements and pass the test. However, they should also meet the marriage requirements. This means that the foreign national spouse cannot apply for naturalization unless, the couple has been married for at least two years and have lived in Germany for at least three years.

German Citizenship by Descent

The second type of German citizenship is by right of blood or Jus Sanguinis. This means that you have at least one German parent and it does not take into account whether you were born in Germany or not. You get the German citizenship by descent if your parents register you to the German authorities in the country you are born before you turn one year old. If your parents have different nationalities, you get the German citizenship; however, between the ages of 18 and 23 years old, you will have 5 years to decide which nationality you want to retain.

In addition, if your parents are divorced, then you can get German citizenship by descent only if your parent recognizes you as their legal child by the rules of German law.

You cannot get German citizenship if you were born in a foreign country and your German parents were also born in a foreign country after January 1st, 2000. This rule can be surpassed only if you as the child would be stateless if the German authorities did not accept you and give you a German citizenship. In addition, you cannot claim German citizenship through any other ancestors except your parents, including German citizenship through grandparents.

Another instance where you can get German citizenship through ancestry is if you were adopted by German citizens as a child under 18 years old.

German citizenship by Birth

If you do not have German parents, but are born within the borders of Germany, you qualify for citizenship by birth or by right of soil. This is also the Jus Soli citizenship. You can get this type of citizenship on the following conditions:

  • If at least one of your parents has lived in Germany for at least 8 years before the birth of the child
  • If at the time the child is born, one of the parents had a permanent residence permit

In getting this type of citizenship, the child will again have to choose the citizenship of the parents or the citizenship of Germany between the ages of 18 and 23 years old. The child must give up the nationalities of the parents in order to get the German one, or apply for dual citizenship.

Only children born after February 2nd, 1990, have the right to get this type of citizenship.

German Dual Citizenship

Having a Germany dual citizenship is not an easy task. You cannot have dual citizenship in Germany unless you belong to one of these groups:

  • You are from an EU country or the former Soviet Union
  • You are from a country which does not allow you to give up your citizenship
  • You are an ethnic German
  • You have parents from the U.S
  • You have obtained permission from the German authorities to retain another citizenship

You could have a dual citizenship, but the country you live in determines what rights you will have. If you live in Germany, the country considers you a German citizen and you are entitled to German services and consular help. However, if you live in the country of your other citizenship, you cannot take advantage of German services and cannot get any help from the German consulate.

However, this does not mean that you can give up your obligations. In many instances, you might be required to pay taxes in both countries where you have your citizenships as well as complete military service as per German law.

Dual Citizenship USA/Germany

Based on U.S and German law, you can have a citizenship of both countries. This can happen only in the instances where the child is born to one American and one German parent. In this case, the child is not required to give up either nationality and can hold both.

However, if the child lives in the U.S, they might have the citizenship of Germany, but cannot take advantage of German services. The other way around applies as well. U.S and German dual nationals are not exempt from military service, and can be required to file taxes in both countries. In addition, they cannot enter the U.S with a German passport and the other way around. They must present the German passport to enter Germany and the U.S passport to enter the U.S.

In another case, if an American citizen applies for naturalization in Germany, the American will have to give up their U.S citizenship to obtain the German one.

Dual Citizenship Germany/UK

As is the case with dual citizenship for U.S and Germany, the same applies to Germany and the U.K. Children born with one parent from the U.K and one from Germany have the right to retain both citizenships.

With the exit of the U.K from the EU though, the matters have become more complicated for those working and living in Germany with a UK citizenship. Germany allows dual citizenships for EU nationals, but now that the U.K will not be in the EU due to Brexit, what will happen is still unclear.

It has been proposed that UK citizens get dual nationalities for Germany so that they can have freedom of movement within the EU. This remains to be solved and is up to whether Germany will allow U.K citizens who apply for German citizenship to keep their U.K citizenship too.

Giving up the German Citizenship

German rules do not allow its citizens to give up the German citizenship. More specifically, if the German citizen wants to renounce their citizenship to avoid obligation to Germany such as taxes or military service, they will not be allowed to do this. So since you cannot give up the citizenship, you can lose it under these circumstances:

  • If you request it from the German authorities and another country has offered you citizenship
  • If a German child is adopted by a foreigner, they will lose German citizenship
  • If you join the military forces of the country where you hold another citizenship without the permission of the German authorities
  • If you obtain another citizenship, you will lose the German citizenship
  • If your citizenship has been obtained through naturalization and you lose it due to illegal activities

Renaturalization of German Citizenship

If you have renounced your German citizenship in the past or have lost it for reasons other than criminal activity, you can apply for renaturalization. The procedure will be the same as with those who apply for naturalization the first time, and you will have to give up all previous citizenships.

Following last year’s successful debut of “afrika! Community Award”, application for the sponsorship scheme for Africans in Germany has opened. The Award was introduced in 2017 by MoneyGram, the global money-transfer company, to support the work of socially-engaged organizations in the African community.

There are more than 700 African clubs and associations which support projects in Africa or promote integration measures, sporting activities and African culture in Germany.

With the “afrika! Community Award” the money-transfer company wants to give back to its customers in Germany.

Four organisations emerged winners of the maiden edition of the award last year and each of them received a cash donation of 1,000 euros for the support of their activities.

A novelty this year, according to the organizers, is that not only registered organizations can apply but also individuals and companies “if they sustainably support the African community in Germany or implement aid projects in Africa from Germany”.

This is in recognition of the fact that many Africans in their personal capacities sponsor social projects in their home countries or support one initiative or the other in their community in Germany.

Prizes will be awarded to two winners in each of the following categories:  

  • Sports
  • Social commitment/Education
  • Companies
  • Culture

 A five-member jury consisting of four representatives from the African community and one from MoneyGram will determine the winners.

From now until 31 August 2018, Africans in Germany are invited to register for the prize, whose winners will not only gain extra publicity but also MoneyGram sponsoring with a total value 3,000 euros.

To participate and stand a chance of being a winner, simply fill out the registration form on https://afrikaportal.eu/teilnehmen/

Application closes on 31 August 2018.

Femi Awoniyi
http://www.theafricancourier.de/europe/registration-opens-for-moneygrams-sponsorship-award-for-africans-in-germany/

Oktay Özdemir and Björn Wichmann (Academy of Police) with Sylvaina Gerlich (IMIC e.V.):

Germany

Hamburg Police Seeking Applications from African migrants"New, strong and self-confident," said Hamburg's Interior Senator Andy Grote, the Hamburg police want to attract young applicants for the different careers as a police officer and also address migrants with their current advertising campaign. "African migrants are very welcome to us," confirms Björn Wichmann, head of the recruitment office at the Hamburg Academy of Police. 

 traeumeleben  zielsicher


baywatcher

 It starts with the motives "#Zielsicher", "#Träume leben" and "#Baywatscher", which are intended to highlight the attractiveness of the Hamburg police for different advertising media and cinematically emotional, concise and sometimes provocative.

 The campaign is supported by IMIC e.V. (Intercultural Migrant Integration Center e.V.), in cooperation with Derya Yildirim and Oktay Özdemir from the Hamburg Academy of Police. IMIC President Sylvana Gerlich: "We motivate young African migrants and Afro-Germans to apply to the police. It is an interesting career field with many development opportunities.

imic01Sylvaina Gerlich (IMIC e.V) & Interior Senator Andy Grote

”At present, 250 prospective police officers are being trained at the Hamburg Academy of Police. Soon there will be 500. Building on this, Interior Senator Andy Grote wants to expand the existing staffing by a third in the next five years.

The campaign does not stand alone, according to the senator, with a modernization and professionalization of the police, geared towards the new generation of digital natives, who for example expect digital work equipment in the workplace.

In addition, there are new service models, all the way to home workplaces, in order to meet the new requirements. In any case, the quality is retained in the application process, so Andy Grote, according to the motto "We are the good guys and seek the best, you can be there.

" Information on: https://karriere-polizei.hamburg.dePhotos from the press conference:Interior Senator Andy Grote: "The new campaign shows the police new, strong and confident"Interior Senator Andy Grote and Sylvaina Gerlich (IMIC e.V.): "We are the good guys and you can be there."Oktay Özdemir and Björn Wichmann (Academy of Police) with Sylvaina Gerlich (IMIC e.V.): "African migrants are very welcome."

As one with the burden of God to bring back sanity into homes, I decided to write this book as a follow up to my already published piece on family titled: “Dismantling family Roadblocks”. It is a must read for every family.

I have been privileged to learn and understand a lot about marriage especially African Marriage in Diaspora through counselling and working with families under the verge of divorce. In some cases, there have been success stories while in others, it had been the cases of taking a horse to the stream and not been able to force it to drink water.

Marriage is under a serious attack in our present day than ever before. At the foundation of marriage, every marriage enjoys the benefits of God’s blessing and unity but human selfishness, Individual rights, pride, cultural difference play major roles in destroying homes.

Among Africans living in an environment in which marriage I believe has being devalued spiritually, socially and legally, couples face serious challenges in their marriages.

Hardly could marriage thrive in the truthfulness of its covenants with a threat of divorce or separation. Some people even question the existence of a good normal relationship and some of the problems in the face of marriage can be attributed to many factors. I remember a program I hosted some time ago on marriage where a brother in an attempt to help me jokingly questioned saying: “In normal or abnormal marriages!”

The house was engulfed in laughter. I however kept what he said to my heart. One of the things to realize these days is that there are normal and abnormal marriages. These when properly broken down might give rise to yet many more terms.

In reality however, there ought to be a single form of marriage: “A sanctified institution ordained by the Creator of mankind for the good of man”. In the scenario where there are different forms of it, one is left with just the choice of understanding how far things have deteriorated. This deterioration is largely traced to interferences by various cultures.

The term culture, according to the English dictionary addresses ideas, beliefs and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a society. Hence, it should be understood that it is something transferred from generation to generation. Broken By the Binder is an eye opening Book aimed at highlighting how our inability to blend the various cultures has hampered our efforts. Shattered dreams on one side, broken lives on the other! What about the toll of all these on our future hope: Our Children?

It is time to do something and salvage our homes. The time is now! Tomorrow may be too late. Go get a copy today. Give it as a GIFT to a family and allow the Holy Spirit to illuminate the eyes of men and women on how to add honey to our moon using the contents of this divinely inspired Book.

Shalom and more of God’s Blessings!

Pastor Darlington C.
Jacobs
Chapel of Believers International Ministries Hamburg
+49 151 229 07 637
http://www.chapelofbelievers.org

There is an urgent need for awareness regarding the development and promotion of education. The question we have to ask is, do we want a large quantitative society or a relatively bright, promising and qualitative community? It is in our best interest to yearn for a worthy society through pragmatic, measurable and achievable programs.

The African Youth Education Initiative that began years ago in Hamburg was tailored to empower Africans in Germany to take tertiary education seriously. Go to school, learn a trade or study. Get a good job, pay their taxes, be happy people, and make Germany and their birth country great.

The aim of the RHENSIUS-KROHN-AYE PREIS; is to encourage and motivate parents of African heritage to be committed to their children’s schooling, particularly at the primary school level. Those who supplement teachers’ efforts at early stages turn to nature brilliant kids. Be a great parent and win 500€!

Individuals and institutions making a meaningful impact in the communities are acknowledged every year.

Challenges:
The AYE scheme has been evolving rapidly; we have more than 500 people in attendance, although the Albert-Schäfer-Saal in the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce, "IHK", can contain only about 300 people. At 7pm the hall was completely full. The above is a clear indication that organizers are confronted with new challenges.

It was uncomfortable and humiliating to have people travel as far as Kassel, Berlin and Munich and not be able to enter the hall, as at one point the hall had to be closed, and those who came out could no longer be allowed in. The likelihood that more people will attend is high.

In the process of creating educational awareness, motivating young people and showcasing role models, organizers have succeeded in creating an institution, a tradition and a unique platform. This can be used to achieve multiple purposes, such as encouraging more Africans to actively participate in day-to-day politics.

 A befitting, bigger hall is needed, and more finance will be required to administer, plan and execute such professional projects. In addition, more committed and professionals are needed. Such projects can no longer be coordinated with a low budget and solely on a voluntary basis. There is a need to raise more funds to be able to meet the high expectations.

AYEA Schleswig Holstein: What is good for Hamburg is good for Stuttgart and Berlin, so the project will be taking off in other major cities in phases. This will be done in collaboration with community leaders on the ground. Communities first have to build dedicated and trustworthy teams. Locations must be excellent.

Masters & PhD Students:
Unlike the young students who are being motivated and encouraged to push further, there must be clear guidelines, categories and a board in place to nominate and select Master’s and PhD students. Currently, the organizers are reluctant to accept the challenge, citing capacity inabilities.

Successors:
The younger generation isn’t ready to work for less remuneration or be unsalaried. We do understand their concern; however, if care is not taken we might have to start all over again. TopAfric e.V. needs to restructure and strengthen its foundation to enhance her chances of sustaining the ever-growing AYE project.

 "You are successful until you have successful successors"

The attempt to effectively monitor and provide the old AYEA students with information that will help them address their day-to-day problems has not been successful. We have failed in assessing and recruiting them into the pool of expertise available to us and the community at large.

The www.ayeawards.de website could be better. Help us make it better!

Yes we want to succeed, but we can only succeed together.
Donations: Individuals and institutions who make donations will be provided with a donation receipt, “Spendenquitung”, to enable them to claim their money back from the Tax Office – “Finanzamt”.

Bankdata:
Konto-Inhaber: TopAfric e. V.
Bank: Hamburger Sparkasse
IBAN: DE45 2005 0550 1203 1347 45
BIC: HASPDEHHXXX
Zweck. AYE AWARDS

VR22842
Steuernummer 17/442/19155

God Bless Germany!
God Bless Africa!
AYEA TEAM

Ladies and Gentlemen, we would like to introduce one of our energetic radio presenters at Topafric Radio, nineteen year old Christian Kenou. Christian studied media at the Media school of Hamburg, Germany. He co-hosts the show called “Hot List” with Bola every Monday between 6pm – 8pm German time.

Christian is a very energetic young man with the ability to be the life of any party. He has the genuinely to effortlessly entertain you endlessly. He is like the energizer bunny; he keeps going and going and going.

He loves listening to rap music, boxing, jogging, cooking and most especially dancing.
He aspires to be a big and popular radio host with the passion to bring the best out of up and coming artists in and around Germany.

Watch out for him because the sky is the limit for this very important.

Ricky Ross (Topafric)

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